About Counselling

The Person-Centred approach History and principles

a profile of this approach

"The Person-Centred Approach was developed by Carl Rogers (1902-1987).


At the heart of this approach is the basic trust in human beings and in the movement of every organism toward constructive fulfilment of its, his, or her possibilities (from Carl R. Rogers. Way of Being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980, p.117).


Rogers stated that 'Individuals have within themselves vast resources for self-understanding and for altering their self-concepts, basic attitudes, and self-directed behaviour; these resources can be tapped if a definable climate of facilitative psychological attitudes can be provided.' (from Carl R. Rogers. Way of Being. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1980, p.115-117).


He pointed to three core conditions as providing a growth-promoting climate. These core conditions are: congruence, unconditional positive regard and empathy (see 'What is the Person-Centred Approach'). Rogers believed that when these core conditions are provided, movement in a constructive direction will occur in the person receiving these conditions....


...Originally described as non-directive, this therapy moved away from the idea that the therapist was the expert and towards a theory that trusted the innate tendency (known as the actualising tendency) of human beings to find fulfilment of their personal potentials. An important part of this theory is that in a particular psychological environment, the fulfilment of personal potentials includes sociability, the need to be with other human beings and a desire to know and be known by other people. It also includes being open to experience, being trusting and trustworthy, being curious about the world, being creative and compassionate.


The psychological environment described by Rogers was one where a person felt free from threat, both physically and psychologically. This environment could be achieved when being in a relationship with a person who was deeply understanding (empathic), accepting (having unconditional positive regard) and genuine (congruent).


Although initially developed as an approach to psychotherapy (eventually becoming known as client/person-centred therapy/counselling), Rogers and his colleagues came to believe that their ideas could be transferred to other areas where people were in relationships. For example teaching, management, childcare, patient care, conflict resolution.


At one level, Rogers' theory and work is very simple to describe. As many people would attest, both those using the approach and those working as person-therapists/counsellors, it can be very difficult to put into practice because the approach does not use techniques but relies on the personal qualities of the therapist/person to build a non-judgemental and empathic relationship."


The British Association for the Person-Centred Approach




“Our deepest fear is not that we are inadequate.

Our deepest fear is that we are powerful beyond measure.

It is our light, not our darkness that most frightens us.

We ask ourselves, Who am I to be brilliant, gorgeous, talented, fabulous? Actually, who are you not to be? You are a child of God. Your playing small does not serve the world. There is nothing enlightened about shrinking so that other people won't feel insecure around you. We are all meant to shine, as children do. We were born to make manifest the glory of God that is within us. It's not just in some of us; it's in everyone. And as we let our own light shine, we unconsciously give other people permission to do the same. As we are liberated from our own fear, our presence automatically liberates others.”


by Marianne Williamson




People seek Counselling for various reasons. Often when in need of support

or experiencing difficult times in their life, stress, bereavement and depression.

A Counsellor could help you become more clear, more self aware and to make decisions.


A Person Centred Counsellor will not give you advice or tell you what to do, but enable you to find your own answers by supporting you whilst helping you to clarify any issues you bring into the sessions. A Person Centred Counsellor will not analyze or "interpret" any of the issues you bring.


Person Centred Counselling is one of many approaches .

You might want to consider looking around for other approaches to see which one is most suitable for you. Please see the resource section for useful links.


Here at the Practice we recognise that the process of being in Counselling might not always be easy. There might be times where the development might bring up difficult issues. If the "journey" does get difficult a Person Centred Counsellor will be always there to support you throughout the difficulties.


A Counsellor will offer a space that is non judgemental and confidential.

A Confidentiality Policy will be explained to you on your First Session.


To come to Counselling is very much an active choice a person makes no one can "make you" attending.


About Counselling and Psychotherapy

Spirit Project

Counselling and Psychotherapy Centre for women

CPD Training for Counsellors and Psychotherapists